Cancer in Females

Cancer of breast tissue is breast cancer. It is a highly common and fatal cancer in females. Breast cancer can affect males too, as their un grown breast is composed of identical tissues as females. The incidence is less than one percent.

History of breast cancer can be traced back to 1600 B.C. it is considered as one of the oldest known tumors. In Papyrus writing tumors or ulcers of the breast and its cure were mentioned. For very long time there was no cure for the condition. Then in 1749-1806 the Scottish surgeon Benjamin Bell and the French surgeon Jean Louis Petit were the first one to remove the affected breast tissue, and underlying chest muscle.

The first work on the cause of breast cancer was done by Janet Lane-Claypon. The major cause was attributed to damaged or mutated DNA. The reason stated for the same may be due to exposure to ionizing radiation, exposure to estrogens and repaired BRCA1, BRCA2 and p53 genes. Though these causes are stated for the onset of cancer but the underlying factor is not yet proved.

Other causes which are responsible for breast cancer are: Aging – Due to aging the cell no longer are healthier and some un grown calls can develop in to tumors. Previous history of breast cancer- Previous occurrence increases the risk of developing breast cancer again. Family history of breast cancer- patients sister, mother, close female relative had diagnosed for breast cancer. When their female relative developed their first cancer before the age of 50. Late menopause, Early menarchy, Women with dense breast tissue due to dense breast tissues, the fat ratio decreases. This results in more breast cells and the connective tissues.

So they have high chances of developing breast cancer. Alcohol and smoking, Gaining too much weight after menopause. What ever may be the case if you had developed breast cancer or have a high risk for developing breast cancer, first thing is do not panic! Things will come to your control when you have the confidence in you. Each woman has the capacity to deal with it differently. There are many tests like An annual clinical breast examination, Monthly breast examination, Annual mammogram, to detect the condition in each and every woman.

Science and technology has improved so much that treatment for all problems pop up every minute. But always remember there is life after its diagnosis. We hold lot of hope than ever in the age we live in.

If Your Doctor Assure You You Just Have A Fibroid Cyst, You May Not Learn You Have Breast Cancer Until It Metastasizes

Cancer is a word that profoundly impacts people. It is no surprise that a female patient may think it is very reassuring if she hears her doctor tell her that she merely has fibrocystic breast changes and that there is no need to be concerned about the lump in her breast. Yet this reassurance ought to only negative results from proper diagnostic tests to rule out the likelihood of breast cancer. Otherwise, the patient may not discover she has breast cancer until it is too late. If a doctor concludes that a lump in a female patient’s breast is simply a noncancerous cyst and it afterward turns out to be breast cancer, the woman might have a medical malpractice case against that physician.

Roughly some eighty percent of breast associated changes are from benign causes. Moreover, most new breast cancer cases happen in women who are older than fifty. It is therefore not surprising that a number of doctors will diagnose a lump found in the breast, especially with a younger patient, as caused by a cyst and not from breast cancer. The odds are in favor of such a diagnosis.

When it comes to breast cancer early diagnosis is key. It can make the difference between life and death. Diagnosed before it has a chance to spread, the likelihood is that with correct treatment the woman will survive the cancer. Indeed with early diagnosis and treatment the likelihood of survival is usually above 80% and even as high as 97%. If the cancer spreads, however, the odds decrease considerably.

If the breast cancer is not detected until it gets to a stage III (generally regarding bigger cancerous masses in the breast or a spread of the cancer to lymph nodes), the 5-year survival rate falls to roughly 54%. For stage IV (usually associated with a cancerous mass that is larger that five cm or the spread of the cancer to the bone or other organs, such as the lungs), the 5-year survival rate is around 20%.

It is predicted that one in eight females will have breast cancer in the course of their lifetime. It is the second most often diagnosed cancer in females. Over one hundred ninety thousand females are expected to be newly diagnosed with invasive breast cancer this year. Additionally over forty nine thousand women are predicted to pass away of breast cancer this year. Given that women whose breast cancer is detected and treated while still in the early stages have a greater than eighty percent likelihood of surviving the cancer for over 5 years after diagnosis, a question that should be asked is how many of those forty thousand or more women who will pass away of this disease this year would otherwise survive if their cancer had been detected early.

By conducting a clinical breast examination a doctor simply cannot accurately differentiate between a benign cyst and a cancerous growth. For this reason a physician should normally suggest that diagnostic testing be performed immediately if a lump is found in the breast of a female patient. Examples of diagnostic tests can include an imaging study such as a mammogram or an ultrasound, or a sampling, such as by biopsy or aspiration. Each test has the potential for a false negative so it may be important to do more than one test before cancer can be eliminated as the cause of the lump.

In the event that a physician diagnoses a lump in a woman’s breast as only a benign fibroid cyst after only performing a clinical breast examination, that physician puts the woman in danger of not learning she has breast cancer until it metastasizes. The failure to conduct appropriate diagnostic testing, like an imaging study such as a mammogram or ultrasound, or a sampling, such as a biopsy or aspiration, may constitute a departure from the accepted standard of medical care and might bring about a medical malpractice case.

Staying Healthy in 7 Ways

Staying healthy requires common sense and logic. Exercise, eating right, stop smoking, sleep right, reduce stress, take care of your teeth, and have a good attitude are just a few things that can provide health in your life. Follow the advice of your doctor and lose a few pounds if you are overweight.

Staying Healthy

1. If you are a smoker, stop. Smoking is an addiction that it is very difficult to quite once you have started, but you can stop. Smoking causes lung cancer plus throat and mouth cancer, pancreatic cancer and many other cancers. It also increases your risk of heart disease.

Smokers have a high incidence of atherosclerosis and they usually have very low good cholesterols. Increased risk of blood clots and high blood pressure is a symptom of an addicted smoker and having shortness of breath is common.

2. To stay healthy try limiting alcohol and caffeine drinks. There are heart healthy benefits of drinking red wine in moderation,but there is no reason to complete believes this suggestion. If you don’t drink there is no reason to start. Drinking carries quite a few risks to healthy living. You can actually raise your triglyceride or fat levels in the blood as well as contract high bloodpressure, obesity and heart problems.

3. Take care of your teeth seems to be a strange way to stay healthy, but there is definitely a link between periodontal disease and heart diseases. Studies have proven that those with periodontal disease are two times more at risk for heart disease.

4. Reduce the stress in your life to decrease the risk of heart disease. Stress may lead you into risky behaviors that are not healthy. If you are stressed you may feel the need to drink to excess, smoke orover eat. Reduce stress by avoiding stressful situations, and do take up exercising, counseling, and meditating.

5. Keep your weight in a healthy range. Being obese or overweight is hard on your heart. The larger your body the more blood flow you need. Your heart enlarges to compensate for weight and this leads to heart diseases and issues.

Losing just five or ten pounds will help. Measure your waist. If you are a man and your waist is more than 40 inches your risk for heart attacks is highly increased. If you are a woman and your waist is more than 35 inches you will probably find a heart attack in your future.

6. Visit your doctor and have regular yearly visits. Make sure you have your blood pressure checked, cholesterol and triglycerides levels monitored. High levels will cause you to have heart disease.

7. Sleep is a great way to stay healthy. A lack of sleep will negatively affect your health in many ways. The University of Chicago heart research team reported that lack of sleep causes heart disease.

Staying healthy requires good sleep patterns, visiting your doctor, losing weight, reducing stress and taking care of your teeth. It is important to stop smoking, reducing your drinking habits and losing weight.

How to Clean Bowels, Bowel Cleansers

Many health problems, including abdominal pain, constipation and lack of energy may be associated with poor bowel caused partly or largely by eating and drinking products that have the quantity of waste built form in the colon. People consume large amounts of toxic substances daily, and in caffeine, sugar, white flour, aspartame, food, microwave, hydrogenated fats and fried foods, cooking, the results in pounds of unwanted material in the gut.

healthy gut is essential for a healthy lifestyle. In other words, a clean colon will increase your energy, but also contributes to the effects of optimism on your body. But as for the clean disposal of waste from the body, two points are perhaps the most difficult area of the body. Indeed, in such cases where toxins are not excreted from the body altogether, will be based in the large intestine, representing about toxic substances such as parasites of the port, which in turn gradually absorbed into the blood vessels, causing serious health problems.

Acai Berry is a powerful detoxifier that cell to prevent oxidation. The antioxidants in acai berry supplements to cleanse your body of toxins that cause problems, cancer and construction, as bad cholesterol. Acai Colon Cleanse products contain other ingredients such as bentonite and black walnut that cleanse the colon in detail the results in elimination of old fecal matter that operate at a profit. These components lead to removal of pathogens in the gut with the fact that problems such as constipation and irritable bowel.

Approximately 100,000 people with colorectal cancer are diagnosed each year. It is obvious that the cleaning and disinfection of the colon, you need to eliminate these toxic substances that cause disease. There are many different methods and diets that will help you clean up garbage in your gut. How do you know what is a safe product to clean the intestines and cures for health? Take a look at each method and see how it affects your healing process.

Cleaning the colon (also known as colonic irrigation and colon hydrotheraphy known) is a method for removing waste and toxins from the gut.
Faecal waste can remove the affected bowel irrigation (dried excrement), the dead tissue, parasites and worms. Colon hydrotherapy is an (extra), but there is no scientific evidence of effectiveness. However, there is usually a very safe procedure, and some people believe help bloating, fatigue, allergies, etc.

A thorough cleaning is shown many benefits for the health of an individual. Although constipation faces very well. People with a diet low in calories and many people lacking essential vitamins and minerals in the body, suffer from constipation. This is what happens to them. The bodies of these persons is a plate-like substance, which adjoins harmful to human health. Cleaning the bowel reward those people in two ways. The unwanted substance in the intestinal wall is removed, releasing the text of the toxins that are in this way that the waste from the body easily removable.

Modern eye treatment for you

It is a saying that eyes are the windows to the soul. This organ is a big blessing of God Almighty as it gives meaning to other organs. Imagine if humans or for that matter animal did not have eyes. All the pleasures have no meaning. Life can be enjoyed because we can see the world. Though with ageing, illness and effects of medicines, human eyesight gets damaged. Cataract is one such phenomenon. Now a days patients suffering from cataract can opt for a bladeless cataract eye surgery. This is a revolution in the world of eye treatments. This technique makes use of high quality laser machines to perform the operation. The time required by the patient to recover from the surgery is also very less. It is a simple surgery but a very precise one. This surgery was done by Dr Stephen Slade for the first time in USA.

Bladeless eye treatments are a common practice now. Laser machines, especially designed to do this job with great precision are used. Doctors have acquired the expertise required to do these surgeries. These surgeries not only treat cataract patients but many other eye related problems are treated with the help of laser machines, without even a touch of hand. Other features of this king of treatment are:

Precision Promptness Safety Less follow up

These are the highlights of these kinds of unique surgeries.

Bladeless laser eye surgery can be used to remove spectacles in most cases where young people get weak eyesight. These surgeries were a dream just few years back. They were only discovered in 2010. Mostly femtosecond laser is used to give this treatment. In these surgeries no primary incision is given, as in the case of traditional eye surgeries performed earlier.

With the increase in the laid back life style, junk food habits, late nights, ever changing meal times, a lot of people are getting diabetes at an early age. Eyes being the most sensitive organ are affected very soon in the case of diabetes. Diabetic retinopathy is a latest bladeless laser eye surgery recommended for diabetic patients with vision problems. Research says that more than 285 million people suffer from vision problem in the world. Out of them 39 million are totally blind while 246 million suffer from serious eye problems. Poverty is also one of the main reasons of vision impairment in some countries, example as in Africa. Lack of proper diet in children lead to impaired visions at an early age. Sanitation is also a major culprit in these third world countries. Infections due to insect bites, lack of proper medical facilities further aggravate the problems.

Modern day science has given us so many things which help make human life better one of them is cataract eye surgery of all kinds. Hope that everyone with an eye problem can make the most of these amazing eye treatments. Expert and experienced doctors should only choose to do these delicate surgeries. Latest laser machines and expertise is the answer to modern eye treatments. Conditions like diabetes, cancer, hypertension, old age lead to serious vision impairment. The chemotherapy given during cancer treatment has serious effects on vision. Laser treatments lead to a safe surgeries and prompt healing.

Vaginal Bleaching Cream Review – Is Intimate Area Bleaching Safe and Why Do Women Use Vaginal Bleach

Vaginal bleaching is a very popular and controversial cosmetic topic at the moment. What was once an “underground” procedure reserved for adult entertainers has now become a topic being discussed in salons in the most conservative states in the country. The topic of intimate bleaching was introduced to the mainstream public via an episode of “Dr. 90210” which is a very popular plastic surgery based reality show.

One of the doctor’s patients, who coincidentally is an adult entertainer, asked for the procedure. This question has led to women across the country questioning the color of their vaginal skin. While this may seem extreme to most people, compared to other cosmetic trends, it is really quite normal. For example, if you take a moment and study the last 100 years or so of cosmetics and beautification procedures, you will see that women have gradually addressed every area of their body. In the last 100 years procedures like permanent make-up, at-home hair dying, Brazilian waxing, breast augmentation, face lifts, and skin injections have become common place. In fact, there are even skin injection parties.

Vaginal lightening is simply an extension of a woman’s desire for physical perfection. If a woman feels that she would like a lighter skin tone on her vaginal area, it is her choice. However, it is important to examine if vaginal lightening products such as a vaginal bleaching cream is safe or not.

As you may have heard, a fair amount of skin bleaching products still use the harmful chemical Hydroquinone which has been linked to cancer. This ingredient has been banned in countries like the U.K. France, Japan, and Australia. Unfortunately, it is still legal to sell skin bleaching including vaginal lightening products in America. Before you choose to purchase any vaginal bleaching product, it is important that you examine the list of ingredients closely to ensure that the vaginal bleaching cream does not contain Hydroquinone. It is much safer to use a vaginal lightening cream that uses Alpha Arbutin which is the natural alternative to Hydroquinone. This ingredient is much safer for sensitive skin such as on vaginal skin.

Therefore, the best and safest vaginal bleaching creams do not contain Hydroquinone. While there are many reasons why women choose to lighten their vaginal skin, it is very important that you make safety a top priority a concern when choosing to purchase a vaginal bleaching cream or gel. Although, it should be said that the term vaginal bleaching is one of the main reasons women are scared of this procedure. In fairness, it really should be called vaginal lightening.

Whatever you prefer to call this cosmetic procedure, it will surely become more socially acceptable over time much like other controversial procedures. If you have made it this far in this article you have hopefully acquired enough information to make an educated decision regarding which type of vaginal bleaching product you should purchase. Remember, the vaginal skin is very delicate and sensitive which is why only the best and safest vaginal lightening products should be used.

Discoveries About Antibodies Provide Hope For Cancer Prevention

Dedication and perseverance are the tools used in the last thirty years to develop and approve antibodies for cancer prevention. Monoclonal antibodies, or “Mabs”, have been the result of medical researchers’ long and laborious hours behind microscopes, hoping to perfect the use of these cancer-fighting cells for doctors all over the world.

What their discoveries have done for cancer patients is tremendous, especially since the number of individuals within the United States diagnosed with some form of cancer continue to rise each year. By using Mabs, doctors and medical practitioners will have one more weapon to use against the silent, yet deadly killer known as cancer.

The American Cancer Society’s (AMC) web site explains that monoclonal antibodies were first developed in laboratories using mice with myeloma cells, which is a kind of bone marrow cancer, and mice that produced specific antibodies for those cells. The combination of these two cells, called a hybridoma cell, forces a perpetual factory making antibodies. The antibodies end up being identical clones of the original hybridoma cell, which is why they are called monoclonal antibodies.

The problem scientists faced with this phenomenal finding was that human antibodies recognized the mouse-produced antibodies as foreign invaders and attacked them. With hard work and dedication, scientists are continuing to develop ways to integrate human antibodies in lieu of mouse antibodies so cancer patients will be able to use the immunotherapy as a form of treatment.

Today there are two types of Mabs, naked and conjugated. The difference between these two lies in the fact that naked antibodies lack radioactive materials attached to them. Conjugated antibodies, on the other hand, are fused with a chemotherapy drug or other toxin used to fight off cancer cells. In recent years the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved several Mabs, both naked and conjugated, for cancer treatments.

A list of approved Mabs is available through the ACA’s web site. In 2004 and in 2006, Bevacizumab, a naked antibody, was approved for treating certain types of breast cancers. In 2001 the FDA approved the use of Alemuzumab, a naked antibody, which acts as a form of leukemia prevention by attaching itself to both B and T cancer cells, causing the body’s immune system to attack and kill them. In 2000, the FDA approved the use of a conjugated antibody, Gemtuzumab ozogamicin, which is used in the treatment of chronic leukemia.

Each year cancer claims thousands of victims. Findings from the Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturer of America show that more than 200,000 women will be diagnosed with breast cancer, close to 150,000 men and women will be diagnosed with colorectal cancer and over 30,000 men will die from prostate cancer this year. Given these numbers, it is not hard to understand why the use and continual research of Mabs is critical to our society.

The recent approval of a vaccine used to protect women from the Human Papilloma Virus, a known link to the development of cervical cancer, demonstrates that research laboratories are on the brink of helping find more antibodies for cancer prevention, providing hope that the number of cancer patients will begin to decline.

Success often outweighs the failures that scientists and pharmaceutical researchers experience when trying to successfully find treatments for cancer and other deadly diseases. The triumphs experienced within the last several decades have come in the form of antibodies for cancer prevention. The Mabs that have received approval by the FDA are now being used in the healing of cancer patients all over the world. As time goes by, these treatments will be further developed and perfected, helping lead the way in cancer protection and treatment for generations to come.

New Test For Breast Cancer Making Individualized Treatment Decisions A Reality

Widely hailed as the next frontier in medical advances, the promise of individualized medicine is becoming a reality thanks to progress in understanding the molecular basis of diseases such as breast cancer. Scientists can now develop treatments that are tailored to individual genetic profiles, as well as tests to predict how a patient will respond to existing therapies.

Today, some women with early-stage breast cancer and their physicians can make more informed treatment decisions with the Oncotype DX Breast Cancer Assay. This service provides quantitative information about genes from a woman’s individual tumor to generate a Recurrence Score between zero and 100, indicating whether she is at high, intermediate or low risk for her cancer returning after treatment.

Oncotype DX is intended for patients with node-negative, estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer who are likely to be treated with hormonal therapy. Approximately half of the 230,000 patients diagnosed with breast cancer in the United States each year fall into this category, and are frequently offered treatment with chemotherapy, a widely used treatment with considerable side effects. Clinical studies show that chemotherapy improved patient survival rates in only 4 out of 100 patients, yet thousands of women continue to elect this costly and toxic treatment with only limited information about whether they might respond to it.

A recent study demonstrated that women with high Recurrence Scores are more likely to benefit from chemotherapy, whereas women with lower scores derive only minimal benefit. Further, only 25% of women fell into the high-risk group, compared to 50% in the low-risk group, indicating that this common treatment is not appropriate for every patient.

Elizabeth Sloan of New York City is one of the many breast cancer patients not likely to respond to chemotherapy. An active mother with two young boys, Elizabeth was considering having another child when she was diagnosed at just 40 years old. She wanted to avoid chemotherapy, with its disruptive, short-term side effects and potentially serious long-term implications, but also wanted to be absolutely certain that it wouldn’t help her.

Working with her doctor, Ruth Oratz, M.D., at NYU Medical Center, Elizabeth decided to have the Oncotype DX assay, and was delighted when her Recurrence Score turned out to be low-indicating that she may not benefit significantly from chemotherapy.

“No two women with breast cancer are exactly alike. Oncotype DX provides information that goes beyond standard measures, like age, tumor size and tumor grade, in determining the likelihood of disease recurrence,” says Dr. Oratz. “Oncotype DX gave Elizabeth and me added confidence and peace of mind in selecting the most fitting treatment for her.”

For Susan Bakken of Denver, Colorado, Oncotype DX provided a different kind of peace of mind. Susan’s Recurrence Score indicated that she was at high risk of cancer recurrence, and would likely benefit significantly from chemotherapy-to both her surprise and her doctor’s.

“Based on the other tests I had, my doctor said he wouldn’t have otherwise recommended chemotherapy. I was shocked to find out my result, but I was so glad I did because I believe this test basically saved my life,” explained Susan.

Elizabeth Sloan is also grateful for the information she gained from Oncotype DX. “Not all cancers are the same, so why treat everyone the same way with something so toxic?” she said. “It’s so remarkable that finally, doctors can distinguish one person’s cancer from another-I’m just so thankful.”

Oncotype DX is a simple test that can only be ordered by a physician. It is performed on a small amount of breast tumor tissue removed during a standard lumpectomy, mastectomy or biopsy, meaning no additional procedure is required.

Finding A Yeast Infection Home Remedy That Works

Copyright (c) 2012 Yeast Infection Authority

Yeast infections are a common problem experienced by women. To a lesser extent, they also affect men and are known as ‘jock itch’. It can even show up on other areas of the body such as under the arms and breasts. Yeast infections can be caused by as many as 20 different species of yeast, but the most prolific is Candida albicans. These yeasts like warm, moist places which get little air circulation, which explains why most of these infections occur where they do. Most people who suffer through this unpleasant ordeal relegate themselves to using messy creams and suppositories that can take as long as a week to work, However, it is easy to find a simple yeast infection home remedy which is cheaper and more convenient.


Vinegar is a common household staple that has an amazing variety of uses. It has antifungal properties which make it a potentially useful tool in fighting yeast infections. Women can prepare a douche of heavily diluted vinegar for vaginal infections. For yeast infections elsewhere, you can wipe the area down with straight vinegar. If the location is very irritated, burning may result.

Rubbing Alcohol

Rubbing alcohol doesn’t only kill germs, it kills fungi as well. Obviously, this method should only be used externally. Rubbing or isopropyl alcohol usually comes in strengths of 50 percent, 70 percent and 91 percent. The stronger it is, the more effective it will be. Simply douse a piece of cloth or a folded up paper towel with the alcohol, press it to the affected area and hold it there for at least one minute. It is likely to burn due the irritation caused by the yeast, but you can rest assured that it will take care of your problem.

Neem Oil

This oil is pressed from the fruit and leaves of the Neem tree. The tree is native to India where it is used for a wide array of ailments. It possesses antibacterial, spermicidal and antiviral properties and is also an antifungal. For vaginal use, apply some neem oil to a cotton ball and insert. For external use, rub it into the affected areas. Neem oil has a pungent aroma and the infection may take a couple of days to go away, but it’s one yeast infection home remedy that works.


Just as beneficial bacteria live inside of the digestive system, they are also present in the vagina. When levels of these good bacteria are low, the bad bacteria and yeasts can take over and cause an infection. Taking a probiotic supplement is not a quick solution, but it will decrease the likelihood of developing another. If you’re feeling really adventurous, you can do what some women have tried with great success: Use the juice from raw, home-fermented sauerkraut as a douche. This delivers a massive population of healthy bacteria right where they’re needed most.

Avoid Sugar

As delicious as sugar is, it is your body’s sworn enemy. The consumption of refined sugar and other processed carbohydrates have been linked to health problems ranging from immune suppression and diabetes to heart disease and cancer. However, sugar in the diet has also been found to directly promote a yeast infection. Your immune system would normally help keep these yeasts’ numbers under control, but it can’t when it is weakened. Furthermore, fungi love to feed on sugar because it provides a rich source of easily utilized energy. This allows them to breed to the point of infection. Most people who suffer from chronic yeast infections find that cutting sugar from their diet is the best remedy.

Wear Breathable Pants

Because yeast needs warmth, moisture and little moving air to thrive, constricting or densely woven garments are a common factor in developing infections. Clothes that hug the body too tightly or are made from denim or leather allow almost no air circulation to take place. The problem can be even worse when the summer heat makes you sweat.

You Can Reduce Your Risk of Breast Cancer

We hear it all the time? lose weight for your health. Few people however, realize the extent to which this is critical to their physical well-being and ultimately their life expectancy.

In January 2003, the Journal of the American Medical Association featured a study finding that obesity appears to lessen life expectancy, especially among young adults. The researchers compared Body-Mass Index (BMI) to longevity and found a correlation between premature death and higher BMIs. For example, a 20-year-old white male, 5’10” weighing 288 pounds with a BMI of greater than 40 was estimated to lose 13 years of his life as a result of obesity. Jamie McManus, M.D., F.A.A.F.P. and author of “Your Personal Guide to Wellness” notes that while this study referenced extreme levels of obesity, there are still millions of overweight people in developed countries with a life expectancy rate that is three to five years less than their healthy-weight counterparts. She also estimates that there are 600,000 obesity related deaths each year in America.

Just how does obesity shorten our lifespan? The answer to this question is complex, yet there is a clear link between obesity and the development of cancer. An extensive study conducted by the American Cancer Institute involving 750,000 people showed that obesity significantly increased the risk of cancer developing in the following organs: breast, colon, ovaries, uterus, pancreas, kidneys and gallbladder.

Michael Thun, MD, vice-president of epidemiology and surveillance research for the American Cancer Society (ACS) says one reason obesity may raise cancer risk is because fat cells produce a form of estrogen called estradiol that promotes rapid division of cells, increasing chances of a random genetic error while cells are replicating, which can lead to cancer. In addition, fat centered around the abdomen may increase insulin and insulin-like growth factors in the blood, which may increase cancer risk.

“Women who are obese after menopause have a 50% higher relative risk of breast cancer,” notes Thun, “and obese men have a 40% higher relative risk of colon cancer?. Gallbladder and endometrial cancer risks are five times higher for obese individuals”.There is evidence that cancer rates in developed countries are increasing at 5 to 15 times faster than developing countries. A major contributor to this alarming reality has proven to be diet. In populations where the diet consists mostly of fresh fruit and vegetables and whole grains in contrast to the typical Western diet of fatty meats, refined flours, oils and sugars the risk of cancer is much lower.

The interaction of diet and the development of cancer is an active field of research and Dr David Heber, M.D., Ph.D. and author of “What Color is Your Diet”, says “It appears that diet has its most significant effects after the cancer has already formed, acting to inhibit or stimulate the growth of that cancer”. At the risk of oversimplifying a complex set of interactions, the typical Western diet that leads to obesity may actually act to stimulate the growth of cancer cells.It is never too late to improve your health through healthful eating and adopting a more health-giving lifestyle. Here are simple steps to follow which can make an immediate improvement to your health and vitality.

1. Check your Body Mass Index (BMI) to determine if weight has become health risk. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 60% of Americans are overweight, defined as having a BMI (a ratio of height to weight) over 25. Of those, nearly half (27%) qualify as obese, with a body mass index of 30 or more. In 1980, just 15% of Americans were considered obese.
2. Match your diet to your body’s requirements. If you eat and drink more calories than your body requires you will put on weight. Learn to control calories and portion sizes, make recipes leaner, and eat infrequently from fast food restaurants. Also learn how to snack with healthful choices.

3. Color your diet with a large variety of colorful, cancer-fighting fruit and vegetables. There are seven different color ranges of both fruit and vegetables and by choosing between 5 to 9 daily serves from a wide range of fruit and vegetables, we are extending our consumption of cancer (and other disease) fighting nutrients.

4. Eat lean protein with every meal. Protein provides a powerful signal to the brain providing a longer sense of fullness. The right source of protein is essential to controlling your hunger with fewer calories and necessary to maintain your lean muscle mass. Choices of protein should be flavored soy shakes with fruit; the white meat of chicken and turkey, seafood such as shrimps, prawns scallops and lobster and ocean fish or vegetarians may prefer soy based meat substitutes.

5. Rev up your metabolism with activity. If you want to enjoy a lifetime of well-being, exercise is a key ingredient. Colleen Doyle, MS, RD, director of nutrition and physical activity for the American Cancer Society (ACS), says adults should do something for 30 minutes each day that takes as much effort as a brisk walk. Children should be active for an hour each day. We are more likely to develop habits around things we enjoy, so seek activities which you enjoy doing. It is also helpful to build physical activity into your daily routine: use the stairs instead of the escalator or lift at work, park your car in the parking bay furthest from the super market and don’t use the remote control to change TV channels.

6. Get support to ensure you develop a healthful eating plan and reach your goal weight. Whilst a small percentage of people possess the discipline to lose weight, many obese people have developed strong thoughts and habits concerning the food they eat. In order to establish new habits, most people respond well to some form of consistent encouragement and coaching. A study, “Effects of Internet Behavioral Counseling on Weight Loss in Adults at Risk of Type 2 Diabetes” shows that participants who had the support of weight loss coaching lost more weight than those who didn’t. The study concluded that the support of a weight loss coach can significantly improve weight loss results.

Being overweight or obese has been identified next to smoking, as the most preventable major risk to developing cancer. Even small weight losses have been shown to have beneficial health effects. So it’s never to late to start and you can never be too young or too old to be concerned about your health and do something about achieving a more healthy weight.